We reviewed 128 covers from nine leading U.S. fashion publications, and all but two titles — which remained stagnant — saw distinct improvement as compared to years past.

It’s been a long 12 months, and before we kick 2018 to the curb, we're looking back at all of the most memorable, game-changing fashion and beauty things that went down. Follow along with us as we look back at the year in review.

Every December, we comb through the year's newsstand to chart how diversity and inclusion have been reflected on the covers of the leading U.S. fashion magazines. Looking back on 2017 last December, we were disappointed to report that diversity on the covers of 10 major titles — Allure, Cosmopolitan, Elle, Glamour, Harper's Bazaar, InStyle, Marie Claire, Teen Vogue, Vogue and W — saw a slight decline as compared to the year before: 48 of 153 covers — 31.4 percent — featured people of color*, a 4 percent dip from the numbers we reported in 2016. 

But in 2016, there was progress to celebrate: Those same publications (substituting Marie Claire for Nylon, as this was prior to the latter's print closure) saw 52 of 147 covers — 35.4 percent — starring people of color*. In 2015 and 2014, 19.7 and 19.8 percent of covers, respectively, starred people of color*.

So, how would 2018 stack up? Perhaps the September issues — which we don't normally analyze on their own — were a promising sign, with 54.5 percent of covers featuring people of color*, a 32.3 percent increase from 2017.

Indeed, they were. But before we get into this year's data, a few notes: For consistency's sake, we reviewed the covers of nine of the same titles we looked at in 2017, but due to Teen Vogue ceasing print operations, we omitted it altogether. As with previous years, we focused only on domestic fashion magazines, rather than independent or international titles, as well as on newsstand covers, rather than subscriber ones (which may have featured different cover stars). Finally, we've included a footnote at the bottom of this article explaining how we've categorized "nonwhite*" for the purpose of this story.

Of all the covers we reviewed this year, we found that 62 of 128 covers — 48.4 percent — starred people of color*, a record 17 percent jump from 2017. That's higher than any increase we've seen in the five years we've compiled this report; the second highest, from 2015 to 2016, came in at 15.7 percent.

InStyle saw the most diversity this year: The Laura Brown-led publication featured people of color* on 75.0 percent of its issues. Allure and Glamour (the latter of which announced the folding of its print edition in November) came next, both with nine of its 14 covers — 64.3 percent — starring people of color*. This was closely followed by Cosmopolitan, with six of its 13 — 46.2 percent — and W, with seven of its 16 — 43.8 percent. Vogue, Marie Claire, Elle and Harper's Bazaar comprised the bottom four, in that order. While Elle and Harper's Bazaar saw slight increases in their own cover diversity as compared to 2017, Vogue and Marie Claire remained stagnant with 41.7 and 37.5 percent, respectively, in both 2018 and 2017. Meanwhile, InStyle saw the most improvement: In 2017, the publication featured just two nonwhite* covers and this year, upped it to nine. 

In terms of age diversity, Mia Farrow, 73, and Oprah, 64, covered Elle and InStyle, respectively; Angela Basset, 60, fronted both Allure and Elle in November. With size diversity, Glamour and InStyle put non-sample-size women like Melissa McCarthy and Chrissy Metz on their covers. And in regards to LGBTQ+ representation, openly transgender actress Daniela Vega shared W's Volume 1 cover with Robert Pattinson.

The magazine industry could clearly do better in those categories, and we would be remiss if we didn't acknowledge the stunning lack of Asian inclusion across the board — especially considering the landmark success (and incredible, high-fashion costumes) of "Crazy Rich Asians" in the box office and throughout popular culture. (As of September, the movie had grossed $165.7 million, making it the U.S.'s highest-grossing romantic comedy in 10 years.) As Fashionista's Tyler McCall questioned in August: "'Crazy Rich Asians' is the kind of stunning summer blockbuster — coming out in August — that should land its stars major September covers." And yet, she asked, where were they? "Fashion media should be tripping over themselves for these ladies!"  

Janelle Monáe, Zoë Kravitz, Camila Cabello, Nicole Kidman and Kendall Jenner racked up the most covers of the year with three each; of the "Instagirls," Gigi and Bella Hadid walked away with two.

That 2018 saw significant strides being made in diversity while also marking the first year of a number of new editors in media (including Samantha Barry joining and relaunching Glamour) is likely not a coincidence. It's no secret that the future of print magazines as we know them is, at best, quite precarious. But as these publications continue in the traditional format, we can rest assured knowing that diversity and inclusion appear to be a priority when it comes to selecting cover stars.

Below, review what 2018 looked like on the newsstand, as well as how these nine major U.S. magazines did compared to last year and the year before.

"Allure"

Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2018: 9/14 (Lupita Nyong'o, Adwoa Aboah, Sasha Lane, Soo Joo Park, Fei Fei Sun, Fernanda Ly, Janelle Monáe, Rihanna, Angela Bassett)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2017: 6/12 (Zendaya, Alicia Keys, Dilone/Imaan Hammam/Aamito Lagum shared cover, Zoë Kravitz, Halima Aden, Kerry Washington)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2016: 5/13 (Demi Lovato, Naomi Campbell, FKA Twigs, Zoe Saldana, Jessica Alba) 

"Cosmopolitan"

Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2018: 6/13 (Camila Mendes, Cardi B, Camila Cabello, Vanessa Hudgens, Christina Aguilera, Ciara)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2017: 1/12 (Jennifer Hudson)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2016: 4/12 (Jessica Alba, Shay Mitchell, Zendaya, Chrissy Teigen)

"Elle"

Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2018: 7/19 (Zoë Kravitz, Nicki Minaj, Selena Gomez, Shonda Rhimes, Danai Gurira/Lupita Nyong'o/Angela Bassett shared cover, Yara Shahidi, Michelle Obama)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2017: 8/28 (Zoë Kravitz, Solange Knowles, Maria Borges, Jasmine Tookes, Missy Elliott, Rihanna, Tessa Thompson, Cicely Tyson)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2016: 9/26 (Priyanka Chopra, Viola Davis, Taraji P. Henson, Kerry Washington, Beyoncé, Leslie Jones, FKA Twigs, Lupita Nyong'o, Aja Naomi King) 

"Glamour"

Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2018: 9/14 (Tracee Ellis Ross, Camila Cabello/Aja Naomi King shared cover, Tiffany Haddish, Issa Rae, Susan Kelechi Watson, Viola Davis, Janelle Monáe, Chrissy Teigen, Edna Chavez/Samantha Fuentes/Emma González/Naomi Wadler shared cover)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2017: 6/14 (Alicia Keys, Chrissy Teigen, Kerry Washington, Priyanka Chopra, Zendaya, Solange Knowles)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2016: 3/14 (Serena Williams, Joan Smalls, Demi Lovato)

"Harper's Bazaar"

Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2018: 4/12 (Selena Gomez, Jennifer Lopez, Kanye/North/Saint West shared cover, Zoë Kravitz)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2017: 3/11 (Rihanna, Paris Jackson, Adriana Lima/The Weekend shared cover)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2016: 1/11 (Kanye West) 

"InStyle"

Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2018: 9/12 (Zendaya, Oprah, Demi Lovato, Zoë Kravitz, Jessica Alba, Serena Williams, Janet Jackson, Tracee Ellis Ross, Jennifer Lopez)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2017: 2/12 (Selena Gomez, Chrissy Teigen)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2016: 7/12 (Viola Davis, Jennifer Lopez, Lupita Nyong'o, Jessica Alba, Priyanka Chopra, Kerry Washington, Michelle Obama) 

"Marie Claire"

Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2018: 6/16 (Issa Rae, Yara Shahidi, Halsey, Zendaya, Kerry Washington, Camila Cabello)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2017: 6/16 (Gina Rodriguez, Priyanka Chopra, Aja Naomi King, Janelle Monáe, Chrissy Teigen, Taraji P. Henson)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2016: 4/18 (Zendaya, Gugu Mbatha-Raw, Selena Gomez, Nicki Minaj)

"Vogue"

Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2018: 5/12 (Lupita Nyong'o, Serena Williams/Alexis Olympia Ohanian Jr. shared cover, Amal Clooney, Rihanna, Beyoncé)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2017: 5/12 (Ruth Negga, Liu Wen/Imaan Hammam/Adwoa Aboah shared cover, Selena Gomez, Zendaya, Zayn)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2016: 4/12 (Rihanna, Aston Eaton, Lupita Nyong'o, Michelle Obama) 

"W"

Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2018: 7/16 (Daniela Vega, Mary J. Blige, Janelle Monáe, Adwoa Aboah, Tiffany Haddish, Letitia Wright, Cardi B)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2017: 6/26 (Ruth Negga, Mahershala Ali, Jennifer Lopez/Taraji P. Henson shared cover, Tracee Ellis Ross, Pharrell Williams, Mary J. Blige)
Nonwhite* domestic covers in 2016: 7/26 (Selena Gomez, Zendaya/Willow Smith shared cover, Jennifer Lopez, Rihanna, Halle Berry, Priyanka Chopra, Kanye West) 

*As with previous years, for the purpose of this story, "nonwhite" included those of mixed race and of Latinx or Hispanic descent. It's important to note, however, that racial identity is very much a social construct and fluid depending on borders.

Note: This story has been updated from its original version to include Fei Fei Sun and Fernanda Ly's respective June 2018 covers for Allure. Our overall data has also been updated to reflect this addition.

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